Yersinia pestis, a causative agent of plague is the most virulent yersinia representative.
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Isolation of virus is possible from throat swabs, stools, rectal swabs, and, in case of aseptic meningitis, from cerebrospinal fluid.
To prepare culture media used routinely in mycology.
Microbial heat shock proteins activate massive proinflammatory cytokine release by host immune cells that is followed by tissue damage.
In Australia the horses are immunized with vaccine against Hendra infection; experimental human Nipah vaccine is under clinical trial now.
Specific binding induces viral penetration by endocytosis.
Vaccine for SARS prevention is not yet elaborated; nevertheless, the availability of complete genomic sequence of SARS agent makes possible to design effective vaccines and antiviral agents.
Can affect any aspect of innate or adaptive eg.
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Bacterial serovars were consolidated into various serogroups.
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Overall, SARS was regarded as the first threatening epidemic of XXI century.
Similar agar titration method is performed as follows: mixture of susceptible bacterial culture with tenfold phage dilutions is poured on different Petri dishes with solid nutrient medium.
Since that time the course of HIV infection has become more benign but the oral lesions remain to be common in this patients.
The disease is proven to be of autoimmune origin.
Viruses, expressing hemagglutinins in their external coat, are shown to induce hemagglutination and hemadsorption phenomenons, clumping erythrocytes of different animal species.
The student will obtain a broad, comprehensive understanding of the principles of virology using specific medical examples.
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In latter case coaggregation is mediated by lectin binding.
Today it is believed that most viruses are relatively benign in their natural hosts; some viral infection might even be beneficial to the host.
These viruses were placed into separate family Reoviridae.
Microscopic and macroscopic characteristics of fungus.
All this process is controlled by effector proteins of type IV secretion system.